Neutrons — Crustacean-inspired cotton

Textile engineering researchers from North Carolina State University used neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to identify a special wicking mechanism in a type of cotton yarn that allows the fibers to control the flow of liquid across certain strands.

The yarn is coated with chitosan, a compound derived from the shells of crabs, shrimp and lobsters that is commonly used in biomedical applications. It’s also coated with a catalase enzyme that extracts hydrogen and oxygen from hydrogen peroxide.

ORNL, TVA partner to drive decarbonization, explore carbon-free technologies

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Tennessee Valley Authority, or TVA, are joining forces to advance decarbonization technologies from discovery through deployment through a new memorandum of understanding, or MOU.

Biology — Beneath the skin

University of Pennsylvania researchers called on computational systems biology expertise at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to analyze large datasets of single-cell RNA sequencing from skin samples afflicted with atopic dermatitis. The team, led by UPenn’s Dana Graves and John Seykora and ORNL’s Daniel Jacobson, revealed new insights into the role certain genes play in skin diseases such as eczema.

Controls — Automating clean water

Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists worked with the Colorado School of Mines and Baylor University to develop and test control methods for autonomous water treatment plants that use less energy and generate less waste.

Esteemed batteries researcher Dudney named to National Academy of Engineering

Materials scientist and chemist Nancy Dudney has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering, or NAE, for her groundbreaking research and development of high-performance solid-state rechargeable batteries.

Dudney is a Corporate Fellow of the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory. She built an impressive career spanning decades as a group leader of Thin Film Ceramics and Distinguished Senior Research Staff member in ORNL’s Materials Science and Technology Division until her retirement in 2021.